Piedmont is a region in north west Italy, on the border with Switzerland and is best known for the great red Barolos of Italy as well as the white Gavis.
Barolo is made from the Nebbiolo grape and is possibly the finest red wine produced in Italy. It is a heavy, alcoholic red, drunk with red meats but is too tannic to drink on its own unless aged for years to round it off. Before release it is aged in small oak barrels called barriques but should be cellared for a number of years before approaching.
The better value Barbaresco wine is also produced with the Nebbiolo grape and are similar in style to Barolos but not as rich.
You may well have tried the white wine Gavi before, which has grown in popularity in the UK market over the last 5 years or so. It is made from the Cortese grape and produces a good dry, lemony white wine, not dissimilar to the better French Sauvignon Blancs.
If you are into drinking Vermouth (does anyone nowadays?) then you might be interested to know that it is also produced in Piedmont.
Italian vintage wine guide, year by year, can be found here.
Buy Barolo wines here.